THE number of vehicles produced in the UK in 2023 passed the million mark for the first time this decade, according to the latest figures from the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders.
Total production hit 1,025,474 units with 905,117 cars and 120,357 commercial vehicles produced - a 17 per cent increase on the previous year.
The easing of pandemic-related challenges, from chip shortages to lockdowns, and increasing electrified model production, combined to drive annual output above one million for the first time since 2019.
Strong December performances for both car manufacturing, up 20.7 per cent year on year, and CV volumes, up 80.3 per cent, rounded off a positive year, which saw a revival of the industry's fortunes.
Eight all-new models entered production in 2023, including at the newly reopened Ellesmere Port EV-only Stellantis plant while some Â£23.7 billion of private and public investment commitments were made - more than in the previous seven years combined - from Cowley to Sunderland, gigafactories to research and development facilities.
The SMMT said these commitments will drive green economic growth, create jobs nationwide and transition the sector to electrified vehicle manufacturing, which has already hit record levels in 2023.
UKproduction of battery electric (BEV), plug-in hybrid (PHEV) and hybrid (HEV) vehicles surged to 346,451 units, up 48.0 per cent on the year before to account for almost two fifths of overall output.
Overall, UKcar production rose 16.8 per cent in 2023, its best growth rate since 2010, with the total retail value of all models made coming in at more than £50 billion.
While 191,247 cars were built for domestic buyers, the lion's share of output was shipped overseas, evidence of the contribution automotive exports make to the UK economy.
Year on year, exports rose 17.6 per cent compared with a 13.7 per cent rise in output for the British market.
The EU remained by far the sector's largest global market, taking 60.3 per cent of exports, with shipments up almost a quarter to 430,411 units. The US was the next biggest destination with a 10.3 per cent share of exports at 73,571 units, followed by China with 7.2 per cent (51,202 units), despite shipments to both slipping by 9.1 per cent and 2.7 per cent respectively.
Turkey, on the other hand, saw exports surge 223.8 per cent to 27,346 units, making it the UK's fourth biggest global market ahead of Japan, Australia, South Korea, Canada, the UAE and Switzerland.
Mike Hawes, SMMT chief executive, said: "Receding supply chain challenges, new model introductions and a massive Â£23.7 billion of investment put UK vehicle production firmly back on track in 2023.
"Industry will now focus on the delivery of these commitments, transitioning the sector at pace to electric and scaling up the supply chain. With global competition as fierce as it has ever been and amid escalating geopolitical tensions, both government and industry must remain singularly focused on competitiveness, with all the jobs and growth this will bring. We are in a much better position than a year ago, but the challenges are unrelenting."
Despite challenging market conditions, British specialist, luxury and performance car makers had another bumper year, with combined volumes climbing 6.3 per cent to 34,613 units, worth an estimated £7.1 billion.
Two high-performance all new electric models entered production, in Goodwood and Hethel, evidence of how electrification is being embraced by manufacturers right across the sector.
The sector also received a boost at the very end of 2023 with the deferral of tougher rules of origin for batteries and EVs traded between the UK and EU. The move will help safeguard the competitiveness of the sector in the UK and Europe, providing valuable time for local battery and associated component production to ramp up.
The SMMT said that 2024 is a pivotal year to make this happen but headwinds remain, most immediately with attacks on shipping in the Red Sea raising the spectre of delays and cost pressures.
However, with the imminent threat of UK-EU rules of origin tariffs overcome, the latest independent outlook foresees UK car and light van output rising by around three per cent in 2024 to 1.04 million units with the potential to exceed 1.2 million units by the end of this decade.
To achieve this, the UK must ensure it remains competitive, and so the forthcoming Budget is an opportunity for the government to introduce measures that will boost the sector, the SMMT added. These should include extending Climate Change Agreements so electric vehicle battery-manufacturing and its associated supply chain are eligible for relief; making green energy widely available and affordable; delivering on commitments to improve grid connections; and taking action to close labour and skills gaps.